Common Disease of Dogs

  • Canine Distemper:

Distemper is a common disease that destroys many dogs each year. Young dogs are the most susceptible, but older dogs can be infected. Distemper, a viral disease, is spread by air, contact with an infected animal, or contaminated objects such as clothing, bedding, food pans, cages, and carrying cases. Canine distemper is not transmissible to man. The symptoms include:

 

  • Elevated temperature, often as high as 105 °F.
  • Watery discharges from the eyes and nose which gradually thickens and changes to pus.
  • The eyes blink a great deal and become sensitive to light.
  • Pads of the feet may thicken and harden.
  • Poor appetite
  • Listlessness
  • Chronic vomiting and diarrhea
  • Coughing
  • Muscle twitching
  • Convulsions
    • Infectious Canine Hepatitis:

Infectious canine hepatitis is also a deadly viral disease. Many dogs are infected every year. Again, young animals are more susceptible. The disease is caused by a virus and is spread by contact with the urine, feces, or saliva of an infected animal. The virus is different from the one that causes hepatitis in humans and the canine disease does not affect humans. Symptoms of infectious canine hepatitis include: 강아지보험 가격

  • Elevated temperature-often as high as 105°F to 106°F.
  • Temperature often rises for a day, then falls back to almost normal for a day, then rises again.
  • Loss of appetite
  • Excessive thirst
  • Ocular and nasal discharge
  • Bloody diarrhea
  • Blood in vomiting
  • Tender and painful abdomen.
  • Tonsils may be enlarged

 

  • Leptospirosis:

Leptospirosis is a spirochete infection caused by two species of bacteria that attack the kidneys and liver. The disease occurs in dogs, horses, cattle and other farm animals, rats and other rodents, and some wild animals. Dogs of all ages are susceptible to leptospirosis and it occurs more frequently in males. It is transmissible to man through the urine of infected animals. Symptoms of leptospirosis include:

  • Sudden elevated temperature
  • Within 2 days there is a sudden drop in temperature
  • Loss of appetite
  • Labored breathing
  • Depression
  • Urine may be dark yellow or orange and have a strong smell.
  • Tender and painful in the abdominal area

 

  • Infectious Tracheo-bronchitis:

It is an infectious respiratory disease in dogs caused by the Para influenza virus. The disease is often called ‘” kennel cough,” because dogs that are kept in Kennel, hospitals, pet shops, or animal shelters are often infected by diseased animals or contaminated areas or articles. The virus spreads rapidly from one dog to another. Dogs of any age are susceptible. Symptoms include

  • Dry, hacking cough
  • Followed by heaving motions
  • White, foamy secretion from the mouth.
  • Partial obstruction of the airway causes the dog to act like something is stuck in its throat.
  • Vomit occasionally.

 

  • Rabies:

Rabies is a viral infection that occurs in dogs, cats, bats, skunks, foxes, raccoons, wolves, and coyotes. All warm-blooded animals are susceptible to rabies and the disease is transmissible to man. The virus is found in an infected animal’s saliva and is spread by its bite, or if saliva contacts any break in the skin by other means. The virus is carried to the central nervous system and eventually travels to the brain and salivary glands. The closer the bite is to the brain, the more quickly the symptoms will appear. Symptoms include:

  • Excess salivation
  • Dilated eye pupils
  • Eager to bite
  • Become violent
  • Attack people, other animals.
  • Progressive loss of muscular control
  • Convulsions
  • paralysis in the latter stage
  • Unable to swallow and drink

1.6.       Parvovirus:

Canine parvovirus is a lethal and highly infectious viral disease. It affects thousands of dogs every year with a high mortality rate. Symptoms include

 

  • Internal Parasites:

Internal parasites are a common problem among dogs. If neglected, serious problems can result because the dog’s physical condition will deteriorate rapidly. The most common internal parasites are roundworm, hookworm, whipworm, tapeworm, and heartworm. These worms can pass to puppies from the mother before birth and after birth through milk. These worms can be well controlled by giving “Dewormers” (medicines to remove internal worms from the body). Multiple doses are required to eliminate the worms. Normally, the first dose is given when puppies are 3 weeks old. Then deworming is done after every 14 days until the age of 12 weeks. Then up to the age of six months, one dose is given every month. After that, deworming should be done every three months.

 

  • External Parasites:

Parasites that dwell outside of the animal’s body are known as external parasites. The most frequent external parasites in dogs are fleas and ticks. They can infest dogs at any time of the year. They are a serious direct health problem for your pet, and if a dog is neglected and allowed to become heavily infested, it is susceptible to other serious illnesses.

Many topical medicines and shampoo are available to control these external parasites. Other than that, regular grooming is also important because dogs that are groomed regularly are less prone to external parasites.

  1. Conclusion

If you are a dog lover and you want to keep your dog healthy and happy, you must be well aware of the basic needs of a dog. All the basic needs should be fulfilled. You must give him/her enough time daily so that your dog may not get bored. If you suspect that your dog is showing any abnormal signs, immediately contact a veterinarian. The sooner treatment is begun, the greater the chance of recovery. Vaccination is the most effective way to protect your dog from these problems. So always make sure that you get your dog vaccinated at the proper time.

Toxic Food For Dogs:

1.1.1.  Toxic Food For Dogs:

Although dogs are omnivore animals, they can eat food both from animal and plant origin. But there are certain items that are not good (even toxic) for your dog and can cause many serious issues. Below is the list of some items that you should not offer to your dog.

  • Onion
  • Garlic
  • Chives
  • Chocolates
  • Alcohol
  • Avocado
  • Grapes
  • Raisins
  • Peach
  • Coffee tea and other caffeine
  • Candy and gums
  • Macadamia nuts
  • Raw eggs
  • Salt
  • Sugary food and drinks
  • Raw meat and fish

 

  • Vaccination:

Vaccines are injected to activate the immune system of the body against infections before actual exposure to the disease. During the first twenty-four hour of life, nursing puppies receive protective antibodies from their mother’s milk or colostrum. But this is temporary protection and can last for a few weeks only. Most veterinarians recommend beginning the vaccination at the age of eight weeks. Until the immunization or vaccination programme is complete, keep the puppies isolated from other dogs and any potential source of infection. Once the vaccination programme is complete, booster doses are injected once every year. Generally, dogs are vaccinated against the following diseases.

  • Canine distemper
  • Infectious canine hepatitis
  • Parvo virus
  • Leptospirosis
  • Rabies 강아지보험비교.com
  • Infectious tracheo-bronchitis.

 

  • Spaying/Neutering:

 

The terms “spaying” and “neutering” refer to the surgical removal of the uterus and ovaries of a female dog and the surgical removal of the testicles of a male dog respectively. So if you are not keeping the dog (male or female) for breeding purposes, it is highly recommended that he/she should be spayed or neutered to avoid unwanted pregnancies and many other medical issues like prostate illness and uterine infection. Spaying and neutering can help to improve behaviour. Spaying is done at the age of six months before the first estrus/heat, and neutering is done at the age of five to ten months, depending on breed and size.

  • Exercise:

All dogs need exercise to burn calories, stay healthy, and keep their minds stimulated. Active dogs are more likely to become obese and prone to other medical and behavioural problems. Dogs that get enough exercise are less likely to become bored, which can lead to destructive behaviour. The type and amount of exercise depend on the breed, sex, age, and health status of the animal. However, doing exercise in extreme weather should be avoided.

  • Grooming:

Irrespective of what type of dog you have, regular grooming is important not only to make a dog look better but also for its physical health and mental fitness. Dogs seem to be happier and more content when they look their best. Most experts believe that when a dog is groomed regularly, it is less likely to suffer from common skin problems and infestation by external parasites.

Brush your dog’s hair coat on a regular basis to remove shed hair and avoid hair mats. Dogs with thick or shaggy hair coats that mat or tangle readily require extra grooming. Mats irritate the skin, and the wet, humid conditions below them make the skin more prone to bacterial and parasitic infestations. To avoid injuring the skin underlying, electric clippers should be used to remove mats rather than scissors. Bathing with a pet shampoo on a regular basis is also necessary for maintaining healthy skin and fur. Excessive bathing, on the other hand, can irritate and dry the skin and hair. Most dogs only need to be bathed once a month on average, depending on the time of year and local weather conditions.

 

 

Play is a vital component of getting along with people and other dogs, and while dogs will spend some time alone, playing with toys, they should be provided opportunities for interactive play on a regular basis. Dogs are intelligent creatures who can become bored. If your dog is bored and doesn’t have enough to do, he or she may suffer and behave inappropriately. 강아지보험 서비스 펫키지

  • Socialization:

Close interaction with your canine friend is necessary to keep him/her healthy. Dogs are social animals, and their ability to interact closely with people makes them wonderful family pets. They are naturally very gregarious creatures who want constant attention from their human friends. Bored or lonely dogs frequently develop behavioural problems, such as property destruction or even self-mutilation. Some dog breeds, such as Irish Setters, Dalmatians, and terriers in general, are unquestionably more lively and high-strung than other breeds. These more lively dogs have a stronger desire for human connection and are more prone to develop issues even if just left alone for a short time.